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In 2020, Armenia and Azerbaijan entered a renewed period of armed conflict over Nagorno-Karabakh. This situation led to a significant raise in the influx of weapons and ammunition supplied by foreign powers.[1] The war also reportedly led to the prosecution of numerous cases of illegal acquisition and theft of weapons and ammunition in the country.[2]

In terms of Weapons and Ammunition Management (WAM), after the ceasefire, members of the Armenian ruling party notably proposed a bill to significantly loosen the regulation on civilian possession of weapons with the declared will to increase the country’s defence capacities.[3]


[1] Pieter D. Weseman, Alexandra Kuimova and Jordan Smith, “Arms transfers to conflict zones: The case of Nagorno-Karabakh”, SIPRI, 30.04.21,

[2] The Prosecutor General’s Office of the Republic of Armenia, “39 people were charged for illicit firearms trafficking from Artsakh to Armenia during the war and after the war, 5 were sentenced to imprisonment”, 31.03.21,

[3] Arshaluis Mgdesyan, “In wake of war defeat, Armenia seeks to loosen gun laws”, Eurasianet, 12.05.22,

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Map of Armenia

Further information

Accidental explosions

Since the beginning of data collection in 1979 by the Small Arms Survey, one accidental explosion was reported in Armenia (Table 1).

Table. 1 Accidental explosions in Armenia (1979-2021)








State (military)



Source: UEMS Database (December 2021); Small Arms Survey. ‘Unplanned Explosions at Munitions Sites (UEMS)’.

Cases of diversion

Information on the disposal of ammunition in Armenia.


Destruction, use, or export of ammunition as an indicator of a state’s ability to identify and decrease aging, unsafe, or surplus ammunition.  

Information on the disposal of ammunition in Armenia.


Further requirements for an effective through-life management of ammunition in the country.

No needs have been reported for Armenia.

Published Date: Wednesday 31 of August 2022