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Between 1992 and 1995, Bosnia and Herzegovina experienced a civil war. Following the secession of hostilities with the signing of the Dayton Peace Agreement, international actors sought to establish basic control measures for ammunition and weapon stockpiles, focusing on a quantitative inventory of ammunition and weapons, safe storage, and the destruction of unsafe and recovered items.

Efforts to establish a through-life management system for ammunition gained momentum in 2013, following the development of the Ammunition, Weapons, and Explosives (AWE) Master Plan. Since then, the safety and security of stockpiles has been addressed under the Western Balkan Roadmap Initiative, funded by the European Union. In parallel, destruction activities funded through bilateral assistance from the United States continue to take place at the Glamoc range.

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Accidental explosions

Since the Small Arms Survey began collecting data in 1979, two accidental explosions have been reported in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Table 1. Accidental explosions in Bosnia and Herzegovina (1979–2020)

Year Location Owner/manager Deaths Injuries
2003 Rabic State (military) 3 0
1999 Rudo State (military) 2 0

Source: Jovana Carapic and Paul Holtom, Life-Cycle Management of Ammunition (LCMA): Lessons from Bosnia and Herzegovina (Geneva: Small Arms Survey, 2018),; “Unplanned Explosions at Munitions Sites (UEMS) Database,” Small Arms Survey, updated December 15, 2021,; Email exchange with Anne-Séverine Fabre, Small Arms Survey Data Expert, September 9, 2021.

Cases of diversion

Several cases of diversion have been reported since 2009 in Bosnia and Herzegovina, of which at least two included ammunition.

Table 2. Cases of diversion of arms, ammunition and explosives in Bosnia and Herzegovina since 2009

Year Location Description
2021 Pazaric The Investigation and Protection Agency, with the support of the Military Police, completed an investigation at the Pazaric Basic Training Center of the Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina, near Sarajevo, where a certain number of weapons had disappeared.
2013 Kula 2 A Fagot anti-tank guided missile disappeared from the ASS Kula 2, in Mrkonjic Grad.
2011   Eleven tonnes of TNT explosives allegedly disappeared from sites guarded by the Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
2011 Visoko At the WSS ‘TBT’ in Visoko, 47 pistols – with an estimated value of BAM 84,60 – were reported missing. Independent observers reported that some breechblocks were also stolen from among the artillery pieces stored at the site.
200 Busovači Approximately 8,500 rounds of ammunition and hand grenades disappeared from the ammunition storage area in Busovaci.

Source: Jovana Carapic and Paul Holtom, Life-Cycle Management of Ammunition (LCMA) (Geneva: Small Arms Survey, 2018); “Minister Podzic: Responsibility for Disappearance of Weapons from Pazaric will be determined,” Sarajevo Times, February 17, 2021,


To decrease the above-mentioned risks of accidental explosions and diversion, Bosnia and Herzegovina has continuously disposed of its ammunition since 2006.

Table 3. Disposal of tonnes of ammunition in Bosnia and Herzegovina (2006–20)

Year Tonnes of ammunition
2020 500
2019 1,650
2018 4,500
2017 1,800
2016 2,600
2015 2,500
2014 1,100
2013 883
2012 856
2011 1,082
2010 1,421
2009 1,037
2008 1,813
2007 2,022
2006 1,856

Source: Jovana Carapic and Paul Holtom, Life-Cycle Management of Ammunition (LCMA); “Unplanned Explosions at Munitions Sites (UEMS) Database,” Small Arms Survey; "Update on the BiH AWE Master Plan," European Union Force in Bosnia and Herzegovina, 2020.


To further enhance safe and secure ammunition management, the following needs have been identified for Bosnia and Herzegovina:

  • Destruction of Luna Rockets;
  • Destruction of KUB Missiles; 
  • Assessment of APRA; and
  • Case study on the destruction of Luna Rockets in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Source: Key stakeholder interviews by AMAT during in-country visit (September 2021)


Existing capabilities within Bosnia and Herzegovina in the field of ammunition management allow the country to offer assistance to other states, especially in the areas indicated below:

Table 4. Areas in which Bosnia and Herzegovina could offer assistance to other states

Type of assistance/International Ammunition Technical Guidelines (IATG) Focus Ammunition storage Ammunition processing, maintenance and repair Ammunition accounting Ammunition demilitarisation and disposal Security of ammunition stockpiles Transport of ammunition
Through-life management assessments            
Research and technological development            
Normative development and refinement            
Training development and delivery x x x x x  
Strategic advice              
Technical expert services            
Material support            
Infrastructure upgrades            
Knowledge exchange and cooperation x x x x x x
Community safety and awareness raising            

Source: Key stakeholder interviews by AMAT during in-country visit (September 2021)

Published Date: Monday 18 of September 2023