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Brunei Darussalam gained independence from the United Kingdom in 1984. Since then, the country has not been notably affected by organised crime or arms trafficking. Only isolated events involving illicit firearms have occurred.1 The Arms and Explosives Act constitututes the country’s guiding gun control legislation. The regulation of guns is considered restrictive. There is no evidence of the illegal local manufacture or the illicit sale or distribution of firearms and ammunition in the country. None of the international agreements aimed at controlling the proliferation of illicit firearms have been signed or ratified by Brunei Darussalam.2

“Global Organized Crime Index: Brunei,” Global Initiative against Transnational Organized Crime, 2021,

2 Philip Alpers and Marcus Wilson, Brunei – Gun Facts, Figures and the Law (, Sydney School of Public Health, University of Sydney, 2014),

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Map of Brunei Darussalam

Further information

Accidental explosions

Since the Small Arms Survey began collecting data in 1979, no accidental explosions have been reported in Brunei Darussalam.

Source: “Unplanned Explosions at Munitions Sites (UEMS) Database,” Small Arms Survey, updated December 15, 2021,

Cases of diversion

Insufficient information on cases of diversion in Brunei Darussalam.


Insufficient information on the disposal of ammunition in Brunei Darussalam.


No reported needs related to effective through-life management of ammunition have been identified for Brunei Darussalam.

Source:  “Global Organized Crime Index: Brunei,” Global Initiative against Transnational Organized Crime.

Published Date: Thursday 21 of September 2023