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Cameroon is affected by rising levels of criminality and insecurity amid separatist conflicts in the Northwest and Southwest regions and an increasing number of attacks from Boko Haram in its Far Northern part. The number of SALW in illegal circulation surpasses the number of registered authorisations to carry weapons, and it is reported that the country has long been a source, transit and destination country for weapons and ammunition trafficking.

In terms of Weapons and Ammunition Management (WAM), Cameroon notably receives assistance from the UNODA-UNDP’s Saving Lives Entity (SALIENT) project to improve its SALW control and to reduce armed violence, but the country’s national legal framework and WAM capacities still need to be improved.

Source: Oluwole Ojewale, “Cameroon alone can’t stop illicit arms flooding into the country”, Institute for Security Studies, 26.08.21,; Nicolas Florquin, Sigrid Lipott and Francis Wairagu, “Weapons Compass. Mapping Illicit Small Arms Flows in Africa”, African Union and Small Arms Survey, January 2019,; UNODA, “Programmes Financed from Voluntary Contributions. 2020-2021”, December 2021,

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Map of Cameroon

Further information

Accidental explosions

Since the Small Arms Survey began collecting data in 1979, two accidental explosions have been reported in Cameroon (Table 1).

Table 1. Accidental explosions in Cameroon (1979-2021)








State (military)





State (military)



Source: “Unplanned Explosions at Munitions Sites (UEMS) Database,” Small Arms Survey, updated December 15, 2021,

Cases of diversion

Insufficient information on cases of diversion in Cameroon.


Insufficient information on the disposal of ammunition in Cameroon.


No needs have been reported for Cameroon.

Published Date: Wednesday 31 of August 2022