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The Republic of Moldova inherited a considerable stockpile of Soviet arms and ammunition after proclaiming independence on 27 August 1991. The newly formed security institutions lacked the organisational capabilities necessary to manage ammunition sustainably. This situation was further complicated by an adverse political context, notably marked by the internal conflict relating to the region of Transnistria, which continues to be occupied by Russia.1 Despite these challenges, in the last 30 years, the military stockpile of the Republic of Moldova has not been characterised by major cases of diversionor accidental explosions at its munition sites.3 Safety and security gains related to the conventional ammunition stockpile in Moldova are largely the result of national and international efforts to put in place effective processes, structures, and capability-enabling lines for safe and secure ammunition management.

"Moldova," Rule of Law in Armed Conflicts Project (RULAC), Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights, updated September 6, 2017,

Interview with NA during visit in May 2021.

“Unplanned Explosions at Munitions Sites (UEMS) Database,” Small Arms Survey, updated December 15, 2021,


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Further information

Accidental explosions

No accidental explosions have been reported in Moldova.

Cases of diversion

There has only been only one reported case of diversion in Moldova.

Table 1. Cases of diversion of arms, ammunition and explosives in Moldova

Year Location Description
2004 Unkown 200 hand grenades, 31 grenade-launchers and more than 90,000 rounds of ammunition were taken from national army stocks.

Source: "Moldovan Defense Minister Fired after Arms Thefts," RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty, October 15, 2004,


To decrease the above-mentioned risks of accidental explosions and diversion, Moldova has disposed of its ammunition since 2004.

Table 2. Disposal of tonnes of ammunition in Moldova (2004–19)

Year Tonnes of ammunition
2004 153
2005 274
2006 364
2007 336
2008 98
2009 105
2010 144
2011 50
2012 60
2013 130
2014 80
2015 40
2016 30
2017 40
2018 60
2019 90

Source: Moldovan National Army, J4 Directorate of Logistics.


To further enhance safe and secure ammunition management, the following needs have been identified for Moldova:

  • Assistance in the review of national strategies and standards on ammunition management;
  • Support in the implementation of the revised national ammunition storage areas (ASA) concept;
  • ASA safety and security upgrades;
  • Training on the through-life management of ammunition; and
  • Development of ammunition testing laboratory.

Source: Key stakeholder interviews by the GICHD's Ammunition Management Advisory Team (AMAT) during in-country visits (2021–22).


Existing capabilities within Moldova’s Ministry of Defence and Armed Forces in the field of ammunition management allow the country to offer assistance to other states, especially in the areas indicated below:

Table 3. Areas in which Moldova could offer assistance to other states

Types of Assistance Ammunition storage Ammunition processing, maintenance and repair

Ammunition accounting

Ammunition demilitarisation and disposal

Security of ammunition stockpiles

Transport of ammunition

Through-life management assessments


Research and technological development


Normative development and refinement


Training development and delivery


Strategic advice


Technical expert services


Material support


Infrastructure upgrades


Knowledge exchange and cooperation


Community safety and awareness raising


Source: Key stakeholder interviews by AMAT during in-country visits (2021–22)

Published Date: Wednesday 15 of November 2023